Which floor heating to choose?

There are many types of heating systems. They are efficient and energy efficient. Today, it is very important to choose a system that will heat the house quickly and at the lowest cost. This type of heating is a warm floor. There are several varieties of such systems on sale. What kind of warm floor to choose for heating your home will be discussed in detail later. System features Heating the house with warm floors is the right solution. This type of systems compares favorably with conventional convectors, UFOs, electrical panels, etc. Heating elements are located at the base of the floor. They evenly heat the coating surface. Heat rises and concentrates mainly near the floor. The air is colder near the ceiling. This allows the rational use of energy resources. For comparison, a convector heats the air mainly in the upper part of the room. The temperature near the floor will be lower. Therefore, it will take more resources to warm up the entire room to the very foundation. After all, it is in this part of the room that people are. The temperature will be high near the ceiling, but the owners of the home will not feel it. The use of warm floors allows you to save money on utility bills. This explains the growing popularity of this type of heating. Its advantages also include high comfort. In a room with a warm floor, I absolutely do not want to put on slippers. On the contrary, there will be a desire to take them off and walk on a warm surface. It is reminiscent of summer and warm sand on the beach. Also, in the room, you do not need to choose a place to install large batteries. This allows you to create a stylish, unusual interior. You can make panoramic windows, etc. There are several types of warm floors. They differ in installation technology, principle of operation, cost and performance. Which warm floor to choose depends on a number of factors.
Varieties Various system variants are available for sale. There is a warm floor electric and water. In the first case, wires or film are located under the floor surface. They are heated by electricity. A water-heated floor is a system of special pipes. They pass in the screed layer. An energy carrier is supplied through these pipes - water or a special composition like antifreeze. Each of the types of warm floors presented has its own advantages and disadvantages. A water-heated floor cannot be mounted in an ordinary apartment of a multi-storey building. This will require redevelopment. This will raise the floor level by at least 15 cm. This is an unacceptable luxury in standard apartments. But for a private house, a water floor will be quite acceptable. You will need to choose the right boiler. It can run on solid fuel, gas, or electricity. This allows the owners to choose the optimal type of energy with which they can heat the house. There are no special water floor installation kits on sale. All system components are purchased separately. It is necessary to purchase a boiler corresponding to the required power (in accordance with the area of ​​the house). Special pipes are also purchased. The heating control system for each circuit is a comb. It will supply the heated coolant to the system. Electric underfloor heating is much easier to install. It is sold in special kits. By purchasing such a product, the owners will be able to independently mount this system. At the same time, almost all manufacturers retain the right to receive warranty service even with self-assembly. You will need to strictly follow the rules of the manufacturer's instructions.
Electrical systems Electric heating systems can be different. The installation features depend on this. On sale are cables, films and mats for warm floors. These are effective systems that allow you to create a cozy indoor climate. One of the most inexpensive is the heating cable. It must fit into a screed 3 cm thick. The cross-section of such a wire is about 6-7 mm. The cable can be two-core or single-core. The first option is preferable. In this case, on one side of the heating system, there are wires for connection, and on the other, there is a plug. This simplifies installation. In a single-core wire, wires for connection come out on both sides of the heating system. The cost of a single-core wire will be 20-25% lower than that of two-core varieties. However, it is much more often that a two-wire wire is purchased. Another interesting system is underfloor heating mats. They are mounted without a screed. Tiles are laid on top of the mats. The floor height will rise by a maximum of 1.5 cm. This is one of the best options for urban paintings. In your own home, this option also takes place. The heating wire is 3-4 mm thick. It is fixed on PVC mesh with a specific pitch. This greatly simplifies the installation procedure. Another system that has already been highly appreciated by customers is a film warm floor. It is less than 1mm thick. There is a conductive paste between the two sheets of film. It heats up by emitting infrared rays. This type of floor is mounted under a laminate or parquet board. Do not put the solution on the film.

Manufacturers Buyers have to choose a manufacturer of underfloor heating among a wide variety of brands. Electrical systems are produced by both foreign and domestic companies. The cost of underfloor heating depends on its type and the manufacturer that produces it. Davi (Denmark), Nexans (Norway), Ensto (Finland) stand out among foreign companies that are in demand in our country. The products of these brands are of high quality. Each company uses a specific cable manufacturing technology. Moreover, each of these manufacturers produces heating cables and mats. The Finnish company Ensto also produces a thin heating wire (like on mats) without a grid. The cost of such systems will be an order of magnitude lower than that of mats. It is also worth considering that the price of heating systems depends on their length and power. On average, a cable for installation in a screed of foreign production can be purchased at a price of 1500 rubles / m². It is worth considering that the longer the system is purchased by the buyer, the less its cost per square meter. So, for example, the average price of a bay, which is enough to cover 4 m² of floor surface, is (foreign production) about 7 thousand rubles. At the same time, you can purchase a system of 1 m² at a price of 4 thousand rubles. Considering the review of warm floors, you should pay special attention to domestic manufacturers.

Considering the types and characteristics of warm floors, it is worth paying special attention to Russian-made products. The leader in this industry is the Teplolux company. It produces various types of electrical heating systems, which it supplies not only to the Russian market, but also to neighboring countries. Experts say that the quality of the warm floor of the Teplolux brand is not inferior to foreign counterparts. In this case, the cost of production will be an order of magnitude lower. The company produces single and two-core wire for laying in a screed. Its price is about 800-1000 rubles / m². At the same time, new, modern equipment is used. The quality of each coil is tested, checked during the production process. The company also produces mats. Their cost will be higher than that of the cable by 25-30%. However, foreign-made mats will cost 2 times more. Teplolux also produces thin wire without mesh. Its cost will be about 1000-1200 rubles / m². The company is engaged in the production of underfloor heating films. The price of such products is about 800 rubles / m². Also on the market the Teplolux company supplies thermostats and related products. Feedback from buyers who have purchased this product is always positive. With proper installation, such systems can operate for over 50 years.

Calculation Each company gives its wire a certain power. This indicator is indicated on the packaging of the cable, mat or film. To purchase a sufficient amount of heating wire, you should consider the existing building requirements and calculate the underfloor heating. If an apartment or house has a ceiling height of no more than 2.7 m, you can follow the standard recommendations of the manufacturers. So, for heating rooms with large window openings, you need to purchase a system with a capacity of 180 W / m². If the windows are ordinary, and the heat loss in the room is minimal, you can give preference to the 150 W / m² system. Also on sale are low-power systems 120 W / m². They cannot be used as main heating. They are laid to create a warm zone on the floor in the presence of a different type of heating. For example, it can be the space in front of the sofa (where they constantly step with their feet) or the area under the dining table, etc. Experts say that calculating the warm floor is an important procedure. To do this, it is advisable to call the company's expert home. He will measure heat loss, assess all the nuances of the room and be able to choose the best option for the system. On average, to create autonomous heating using an electric heating system, it will need to cover at least 70% of the room. It should be borne in mind that this type of material is not laid under furniture. Heating cable installation There is a certain method of how to install a warm floor. First you need to develop a floor plan and indicate on it the location of the furniture and the heating element. This is a mandatory requirement of manufacturers. If the furniture has high legs, a warm floor can be installed under it. Such a system must not be installed under solid cabinets, wardrobes. Otherwise, here it will overheat and fail. To mount the heating cable, you will need to prepare the base. It is cleaned of all unnecessary materials. A layer of insulation is laid down (expanded polystyrene at least 3 cm thick). You need to spread waterproofing on it. Next, a reinforcing mesh with 10 × 10 mm cells is mounted. A special tape is laid out on it to fix the wire. The cable is unfolded with a snake. The step between the turns should be 10-12 cm. After that, a strobe is made in the wall to conduct the sensor from the thermostat to the floor. This device will control the heating temperature. A corrugated pipe is laid in the strobe. It should run in the center of one of the turns of the wire. A sensor from a thermostat is inserted into the corrugated pipe. The underfloor heating design does not imply heating level adjustment. This function is performed by a thermostat. The wires from the floor are called with a multimeter. If the resistance readings coincide with the value specified by the manufacturer, they are connected to the thermostat. After that, the system is poured with a 3 cm thick screed. It includes sand, cement, and a plasticizer. The last of the named components is needed so that air pockets do not form in the thickness of the solution. They can disrupt the operation of the wire. When the screed is dry (3-4 weeks), the finishing is mounted. It will be possible to use the floor not earlier than in a month.

Installation of a heating mat The technology of installing a heated floor under a tile without a screed is much easier. In this case, the floor must be leveled and cleaned. If the room is not located on the ground floor, you can do without the use of insulation. Otherwise, it is easier to mount the cable in a tie. The roll of mat is 50 cm wide - this is the standard. They also draw a floor plan. According to the created project, they begin to spread the mat. First, roll it to the desired length. The mesh is then cut with scissors. Cutting the wire is strictly prohibited. The mat is turned and a second strip is laid next to the first. You can also create an “L” shape from the heating system if needed. A thermostat is also mounted, to which the system is connected. Tiles are laid on top of the mat as usual. The thickness of the tile adhesive is 5-7 mm. You can operate such a system a week after installation. It heats up faster than a cable in a screed. However, the mat cools down faster. Installation of a thin wire Considering how to lay a warm floor, you need to study another option for systems. This is a thin wire. It is no different from the heating element on the mat. However, the kit is not assembled on the grid. It will need to be laid out manually. This option is optimal for small rooms or rooms with an original configuration. The cable is mounted like a mat, but the laying step is chosen 7-10 cm between the turns. Infrared floor When deciding which warm floor to choose, you need to mention such an option as infrared film. It is installed without mortar under laminate or parquet flooring. First, the substrate is laid on which the film is laid out. The points of its connection with the wires are recessed in an insulating material. Next, the floor covering is laid on top. This type of floor is assembled in just an hour. However, in terms of energy saving indicators, it lags behind the cable varieties. After considering the recommendations of experts, which warm floor to choose, everyone will be able to choose the best option.
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